A number of transplant experts have been convinced that providing financial incentives to organ sources as an alternative to altruistic organ donation needs careful reconsideration.
In 1988, a compensated and regulated living-unrelated donor renal transplant program was adopted in Iran.
3) same as the writ of mandamus, which orders a public official or public body to comply with the law. Sir William Jones defines a mandate to be a bailment of goods without reward, to be carried from place to place, or to have some act performed about them.
(See: mandamus, writ of mandate)noun authoritative command, authoritative order, behest, bid, canon, charge, command, command by the court, commandment, decree, decretal, dictate, direction, directive, edict, enactment, fiat, imperative, instruction, judicial command, judicial decree, judicial order, mandatum, order, precept, prescript, prescription, proscription, regulation, request, requirement, requisition, rule, ruling, ultimatum, written order Associated concepts: judicial mandate, legislative mandate, mandate of the court Foreign phrases: Rei turpis nullum mandatum est. Cui jurisdictio data est, ea quoque concessa esse videntur, sine quibus juuisdictio explicari non potest.
Since then, other drugs have been developed which specifically target only those cells involved in the rejection process while leaving the remaining immune system intact.
These include drugs such as FK506, Atgam, Orthoclone OKT3 and Prograf.
In order to prevent rejection, patients were given strong medications to suppress their entire immune system that in turn left them susceptible to life threatening infections.
See also: act, agency, article, assignment, brevet, burden, canon, charge, citation, command, decree, delegation, designation, dictate, direction, directive, edict, enactment, instruction, law, measure, mission, mittimus, monition, order, ordinance, plebiscite, precept, prescribe, proclamation, referendum, regulation, requirement, requisition, rule, statute, subpoena, summons, writ an authority given by one person to another to do certain things or take some course of action and accepted by the other. Since the 1980s, many countries have passed legislation prohibiting monetary compensation for organ donation.Organ donation for transplantation has become altruistic worldwide.As a result, the number of renal transplants performed substantially increased such that in 1999, the renal transplant waiting list was completely eliminated.By the end of 2005, a total of 19,609 renal transplants were performed (3421 from living related, 15,356 from living-unrelated and 823 from deceased donors).